Scoliosis Cause and Etiology by Our Experts
Scoliosis cause and risk factors is an important topic of discussion for pateints and families alike. The most common cause is hereditary. But, other instances can also lead to scoliosis. Scoliotic conditions with known causes have better chances of recovery. Therefore, to recover faster, you will need a highly knowledgeable scoliosis team to thoroughly assess you. Scoliosis is an abnormal curvature evident in the coronal plane (front or back views of one’s spine). It is important not to confuse a scoliotic curve with that of the normal spine contours (curvatures) as observed from the side (sagittal plane).
This page is brought to you so that you may understand the common scoliosis cause and scoliosis risk factors. A discussion of the most common cause is incomplete without a review of the three most important categories of a scoliotic condition: congenital, idiopathic, and scoliosis due to a secondary cause. Chiropractic Specialty Center® is the best spine and joint treatment center in Malaysia. The scoliosis care you will receive will be the most comprehensive treatment for a scoliotic spine.
Congenital scoliosis is a type of Scoliosis that is present at birth. It is rare and occurs because the spine bones developed abnormally when the fetus was growing inside the mother’s uterus in the early development (first six weeks of embryonic formation). Congenital abnormalities in other body systems such as the heart, kidney, and spina bifida can be the causes of congenital scoliosis.
What Caused My Scoliosis?
Scoliosis cause due to secondary causes is categorized into a few types: Neuromuscular, syndromic, degenerative, injury to the spine, tumor, and infection. Neuromuscular scoliosis can be caused by cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy. These medical conditions affect the nerves and muscles and consequently lead to scoliosis. They cause the muscles that support the spine structures to be weak. Syndromic scoliosis could be due to genetic conditions like Marfan’s syndrome, neurofibromatosis, and Down’s syndrome. Degenerative scoliosis tends to occur in older adults, and the cause is wear and tear of the spine with age. Osteoporosis is a risk factor in degenerative scoliosis.
Idiopathic is a word that comes from the Greek language; it means pathology unto itself. It means a condition that is not associated with any other disease or disorder. In the medical literature, idiopathic is widely used to indicate that the cause is unknown. The Four types of idiopathic scoliosis are categorized, all of which are age-based classification at the time of diagnosis or onset:
- Infantile Idiopathic Scoliosis
- Juvenile Idiopathic Scoliosis
- Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
- Adult Idiopathic Scoliosis
Most Common Type is Adolescent Idiopathic or AIS
People of all ages can develop scoliosis. However, the most common type is adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), which makes up about 80 to 85% of the total scoliosis population. AIS happen in teenagers/ children between the ages of 10 to 18 when they undergo a sudden growth spurt. The ratio of girls to boys is 7:1.
Scoliosis researchers have been putting in significant efforts toward identifying the cause of AIS, but unfortunately, to date, there are no definite answers as to what the causes for AIS are. The majority of AIS patients are healthy and have no medical complications. However, researchers have come up with several theories about the causes of AIS, including hereditary conditions, muscular imbalances, hormonal imbalances, and asymmetric growth of the spine.
Hereditary factors linked as a Cause in Scoliotic Conditions
Approximately 30% of AIS patients have a family history of scoliosis, which could indicate that AIS is a hereditary condition or a genetic defect that causes miscommunication between the brain and muscles. The results of abnormal spinal curvature are caused by the wrong signals being given by the brain to the muscles.
The hindbrain contains postural control centers that regulate many involuntary body functions such as heartbeat, digestion, and breathing. Spinal posture, just like other involuntary body functions, is an automatic neurological orientation to gravity. In scoliosis patients, these control centers do not alert the central nervous system and muscles of the abnormal posture. This leads to abnormal spinal curvature, which does not correct itself. In other words, the spinal muscles do not seem to get the right messages from the brain, leading to muscular imbalances in AIS.
We hope you understand the common factors linked as a scoliosis cause better. Should you require any additional information, please contact one of our centers near you today. Our clinical teams are the experts you need to determine scoliosis cause and risk factors for the whole family.